It may not be the coming thing, but it is a thing that is certainly coming. Central banks around the world are set to launch their own digital currencies. In 2018, the preparation was done for a “Britcoin” launched by the Bank of England. The product is wrapped up in metaphorical cling film, and ready to go.
Some might argue that central bank digital currency (CBDC) is an inevitable by-product of declining cash usage. The main element that will find resistance is, in our opinion, the cnetralised (still) nature of the financial structure if CBDCs. Central banks, while officially distanced from the shared-ledger (blockchain) accounting systems behins CBDCs, are still closely associated. Cue a million conspiracy theories.
The Norwegian central bank is in no rush to introduce a digital Krone, despite conducting recent research which shows that cash is used for just four percent of transactions in Norway.
Declining cash usage is often cited as a primary reason for the development of central bank backed digital currencies.
In a speech at a payments conference in Oslo, Ida Wolden Bache, deputy governor of Norges Bank, says the plummeting use of cash in Norway was uncovered in a study conducted just three weeks ago.
“Only four percent of payments are now made using cash,” she says. “This share is approximately the same as in spring, and considerably lower than before the pandemic. To our knowledge, the share of cash payments is lower in Norway than in any other country.”
Norway, like other jurisdictions, has been exploring the options for creating a CBDC over the past four years. The Bank expects to publish results in 2021 from a third phase of research which specifies the features a CBDC should have and a range of technical solutions.
Historical Performance And IFISA Process Guide
That figure is the result of over £20 million of loans facilitated on the site, as we bring individuals looking for a good return on capital together with carefully vetted small companies seeking funds for growth. Bear in mind that lenders’ capital is at risk. Read warnings on site before committing capital.
All loans on site are eligible to be held in a Money&Co. Innovative Finance Individual Savings Account (IFISA), up to the annual ISA limit of £20,000. Such loans offer lenders tax-free income. Our offering is an Innovative Finance ISA (IFISA) that can hold the peer-to-peer (P2P) business loans that Money&Co. facilitates. For the purposes of this article, the terms ISA and IFISA are interchangeable.
So here’s our guide to the process:
The ISA allowance for 2019/20 is unchanged from last tax year at £20,000, allowing a married couple to put £40,000 into a tax-free environment. Over three years, an investment of this scale in two Money&Co. Innovative Finance ISAs would generate £8,400 of income completely free of tax. We’re assuming a 7 per cent return, net of charges and free of tax here.
Once you have made your initial commitment, you might then consider diversifying – buying a spread of loans. To do this, you can go into the “loans for sale” market. All loans bought in this market also qualify for IFISA tax benefits.
Risk: Security, Access, Yield
Do consider not just the return, but the security and the ease of access to your investment. We write regularly about these three key factors. Here’s one of several earlier articles on security, access and yield.